Synonyms :

(lat. Lota lota, Linneaus 1758)

Conservation state:  2 heavily endangered (Germany), 3 endangered (lower saxony)

Description: The Burbot belongs to the codlike fishes. It has a longish streched body whos body varies from grey-yellow to gold-yellow in basecolour. On the whole body there is a dark-grey to black marbling. As being a representative of the codlike fishes it wears the typical single barbel on the tip of its lower jaw. Usually they reach a length between 40-60 cm than weighing  250 - 600 gr. Maximum catch: 152 cm  weighing 34 kg

Appearance: Entire atlantic area between the 78. and 40 latitude.

Lifecycle: Sie only fish of this group who spent the most if its lifetime in freshwater. Sometimes this species can be foung in brackish water. In opposite to most fishspecies its main activities take place in the wintertime. As food any kind of living or dead food of animal origin is taken. The species is told to be a problem for other fishspecies because they eat spawn. In wintertime there are made extendes migration to reach the ancestral spawning places. If possible they try to reach the same spawningplaces for decades.

Features : Because of its reproduction at ancestral spawning places the brubot has became seldom in tributaries. the seperation of our rivers by obstacles is a big problem for this poor swimmer. As a survey in the river Elbe shows there are a lot of burbots threatened by predation of kormorants.

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